An estimated 80 percent of American adults currently have some form of the periodontal disease – clinically known as periodontitis. If you have been told you have periodontal disease, you're not alone. While the condition is common, it should not be taken lightly and is threat to your oral health.
Periodontal disease (periodontitis) ranges from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in extensive damage to teeth supporting bone or nearby soft tissue. Severe cases can result in the loss of teeth.
Current clinical research indicates that the effects of gum disease go well beyond your mouth.
What is Periodontal Disease?
"Perio" means around, and "dontal" refers to teeth. Periodontal disease is an infection of the structures around the teeth, including the gums and the bones that hold the teeth. An early stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis – an infection of the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the tissues are involved, including the bone. Bacteria that live and reproduce on the teeth and gums cause periodontal disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Symptoms may include the following:
- redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth or using dental floss
- halitosis, or bad breath
- gum recession, resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth
- "pockets" between the teeth and gums indicating that the bone which holds the teeth in the mouth is dissolving
- loose teeth
Gum inflammation and bone destruction are largely painless. Although a possible symptom of progressing periodontitis, people may wrongly assume that painless bleeding after teeth cleaning is insignificant. If your hands bled when you washed them, you would be concerned. Yet, many people think it's normal if their gums bleed when they brush or floss.
Periodontal Disease Affects Your Health
Periodontal disease is a putrid, festering infection of the mouth. Bacteria and inflammatory particles can enter the bloodstream through ulcerated and bleeding gums and travel to the heart and other organs. In recent years, gum disease has been linked to a number of health problems. Researchers are studying possible connections between gum disease and:
- Heart disease: Gum disease may increase the risk of heart disease. Gum disease also is believed to worsen existing heart disease.
- Stroke: Gum disease may increase the risk of the type of stroke caused by blocked arteries
- Diabetes: People with diabetes and periodontal disease may be more likely to have trouble controlling their blood sugar than diabetics with healthy gums.
- Premature births: A woman who has gum diseases during pregnancy may be more likely deliver her baby too early and the infant may be more likely to be of low birth weight.
Combat Periodontal Disease
1. See your dentist! See your dentist every six months for a checkup! Regular professional cleanings and checkups make you feel good, look good, and could be a lifesaver by early detection of problems.
2. Brush and floss daily. Take your time to achieve through cleaning.
3. Use an anti-bacterial mouthwash. Daily use of an anti-bacterial mouthwash helps to disinfect the teeth and gums, and reduces the number of bacteria.
4. Straighten your teeth. Crowded teeth are nearly impossible to keep clean. Orthodontic treatment can greatly reduce inflammation and periodontal disease.